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Brief History of Eco Shrimp
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"Eco Shrimp" is produced with inventive use of soil, water and wind.
This farming practice is completely different from conventional, mass-production in small ponds.
Producers who stick to traditional shrimp farming methods using the natural strengths of their region can be found in the eastern part of the island of Java and in the south of Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Sidoarjo Province, East Java, is famous for the production of Bandeng (milkfish), which started more than 300 years ago. Later, people began to farm shrimp by stocking the pond with. The ponds are in estuaries with blackish water, where both freshwater and saltwater flow in, which helps to supply enough nutriments from both sea and land, depending on the tide and topography of the bay. The coastline is covered with mangrove trees, a "sea forest with biodiversity". Thus the extensive shrimp farming at Sidoarjo is based on traditional fish farming handed down over hundreds of years, with the addition of various innovations in harmony with the environment.

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Gresik at north Surabaja, East Java, overlooks the Madura Straits and has long been a good harbor for east-west trade. In the early 1980s extensive farming of both Banden and shrimp started along with traditional Bandeng farming. In 1991, ATJ met a grower who was committed to shrimp farming based on the traditional extensive farming methods for the sustainability of the environment and land fertility. This was the late Mr. Haji Amnan, the man who started the "Eco-shrimp", and whose motto was "the land is something future generations have left in our charge." "Eco-shrimp" production started here in Gresik as ecological sustainable farming an alternative to the dominant intensive farming.

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One of the Eco-shrimp production areas, Balia Village, is located an hour's drive to the seacoast from Pinrang Province, south Sulawesi. People in this village used to make their livelihood from rice and extensive farming of Bandeng (milkfish). However in the early 1980s, as the Indonesian Government promoted a project to increase shrimp production, Banden farming was rapidly converted to shrimp farming. As the result of large-scale development of shrimp farming ponds, both marshy mangrove land and paddy fields were converted to farming ponds. Then people realized the importance of mangroves for their livelihood and in 2005 started efforts to recover the mangroves as well as to raise shrimp in harmony with the environment.

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